The Securities & Exchange Commission today announced that it obtained a temporary restraining order, asset freeze, & other emergency relief to halt an ongoing fraud targeting the Indian American community that has raised nearly $130 million since April 2021. The fraud is allegedly being conducted by Nanban Ventures LLC, its three founders Gopala Krishnan (aka GK), Manivannan Shanmugam, & Sakthivel Palani Gounder (collectively, Founders), & three other entities that the Founders control.

The SEC’s complaint, unsealed today in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Texas, alleges that the defendants raised more than $89 million from more than 350 investors for investments in purported venture capital funds that the Founders managed through Nanban Ventures LLC & more than $39 million from 10 investors that invested directly in the three other entities controlled by the Founders. The SEC’s complaint alleges that the Founders overstated the profitability of the investments & paid investors at least $17.8 million in fake profits that were actually Ponzi payments. The SEC’s complaint further alleges that defendants misrepresented Krishnan’s expertise & success using his eponymous “GK Strategies” options trading method. According to the SEC’s complaint, Krishnan claimed in a YouTube video that he achieved returns of “more than a hundred percent,” & Nanban Ventures claimed in its venture capital funds’ private placement memorandums that Krishnan would manage the funds to generate returns that would “consistently overperform the S&P 500 Index.” The SEC’s complaint further alleges that the actual trading returns using GK Strategies were, with limited exceptions, lower than the returns of the S&P 500 index, lower than the percentage returns that Krishnan claimed in YouTube videos, & negative on numerous occasions.

“We allege that the defendants engaged in a large-scale affinity fraud that targeted hundreds of investors, largely from the DFW-area Indian American community,” said Gurbir S. Grewal, Director of the SEC’s Division of Enforcement. “Through allegedly false promises of unrealistic returns & lies about the success of their investing strategies, the defendants raised nearly $130 million from investors. But in classic Ponzi fashion, the complaint alleges, the defendants used investor money to make fake profit distribution payments, while allegedly siphoning off millions in investors’ funds for themselves. We urge all investors to confirm the credentials of supposed investment professionals & to view investments that advertise outsized returns skeptically.”

The SEC’s complaint also alleges that Nanban Ventures & the Founders were all investment advisers who violated their fiduciary duties by causing the venture capital funds to invest more than $70 million into companies the Founders controlled. According to the SEC’s complaint, the Founders commingled that money with more than $39 million from at least 10 other investors & then used the commingled funds to, among other things, make Ponzi payments & pay themselves at least $6 million.

“As we allege in our complaint, the defendants used the ‘Nanban’ branding, a word that means ‘friend,’ when raising nearly $130 million from investors of mostly Indian descent,” said Eric Werner, Director of the SEC’s Fort Worth Regional Office. “However, the defendants have been the furthest thing from ‘friends’ to their investors, raising money & paying false returns on a foundation of lies.”

The SEC’s complaint charges all defendants with violating the antifraud provisions of Section 17(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 & Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 & Rule 10b-5 thereunder. The SEC’s complaint also charges the Founders & Nanban Ventures with violating the antifraud provisions of Section 206 of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 & Rule 206(4)-8 thereunder. The complaint seeks permanent injunctions, disgorgement of ill-gotten gains with prejudgment interest, & civil penalties from all the defendants. The complaint also seeks an order prohibiting the Founders from acting as officers or directors of a public company.

The SEC’s ongoing investigation is being conducted by Akita Adkins, Clemon Ashley, Laura Bennett, & Jason Braun of the Fort Worth Regional Office under the supervision of Samantha Martin, Melvin Warren, B. David Fraser, & Mr. Werner. The litigation is being conducted by Keefe Bernstein & Jason Reinsch.