FAO, WMO & partners call for early warning & early action to avoid disasters
2020 State of Climate Services Report says 11,000 disasters caused by weather, climate & water-related hazards in the past 50 years
13 October 2020, Geneva/Rome – As extreme weather & climate events have increased in frequency, intensity & severity, particularly due to climate change, the UN Food & Agriculture Organization (FAO) & its partners have warned that early warning systems, followed by early action, are critical to prevent disasters & save lives.
The Director-General of FAO, QU Dongyu, today participated in the launch of the 2020 State of Climate Services Report at a virtual high-level event hosted by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), which produced the report with inputs from FAO & 15 other international agencies & financial institutions through the Global Framework for Climate Services. The report was released on the International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction.
“Pre-emptive action underpinned by effective weather data, early warning systems & disaster risk assessments can save millions of livelihoods in times of conflict & natural disaster,” Qu said.
The Director-General stressed that many countries lack early warning systems & capacities. He also noted the COVID-19 pandemic had increased the vulnerabilities of the most-at-risk communities – such as farmers, pastoralists, fishers & foresters – to climate shocks & natural hazards.
“Early warning, Early action is therefore a key guiding principle for my administration in FAO to deal with potential risks for the global agri-food system, even before the latest outbreak of locust & the COVID-19 Pandemic,” said Qu, who alluded to his experience as former Vice Governor & leading coordinator responsible for agricultural, meteorological & disaster-prevention affairs in Ningxia Province of China. “I fully understand the importance of early warning systems to the agricultural sector & rural livelihoods,” he added.
FAO in action
The Director-General explained how early warning systems, big data & digital technology have been driving FAO’s work & commitment to get ahead of disasters & build better lives & livelihoods, emphasizing that the UN agency was looking forward to scale up its anticipatory action in the future.
The Hand-in-Hand Initiative already employs sector specific climate indicators like water productivity, precipitation anomalies, agriculture stress & advanced crop calendars, many of them developed jointly by FAO, WMO & global experts. It also incorporates, through the Geospatial Platform, over 1 million geospatial layers, thousands of statistics series with 4,000 metadata records at the global & regional level covering (amongst many others) climate, soil, land & water information.
The FAO Digital Services Portfolio informs Crop Calendars for more than 130 crops located in 283 agro-ecological zones in 44 countries; & the FAO Data Lab has been providing recommendations on planting & harvesting during the COVID-19 outbreak.
Furthermore, FAO’s Global Information & Early Warning System (GIEWS), established after the food crises of the early 1970s, continuously monitors food supply & demand & other key indicators for assessing the overall food security situation in all countries of the world. It issues regular analytical & objective reports on prevailing conditions & provides early warnings of impending food crises at country or regional level.
During the meeting, Qu cited the example of Bangladesh to show how joint efforts can anticipate the impact of floods. In July this year, the fastest allocation in history by the UN Central Emergency Response Fund significantly mitigated the damage.
The Director-General also highlighted the results achieved by FAO’s Desert Locust Information Service which has provided early warning against the ongoing locust outbreak in East Africa. FAO’s research, which provides one of 16 case studies in the 2020 report, triggered control & surveillance operations that spared 350,000 pastoral households from livelihood loss & distress, he said.
Main findings of the Report
The 2020 State of Climate Services Report, presented by WMO Secretary-General, Petteri Taalas, found that climate change is having a devastating impact on the world’s most vulnerable people. In the past 50 years, it said more than 11,000 disasters have been attributed to weather, climate & water-related hazards, resulting in 2 million deaths & $3.6 trillion in economic losses.
In 2018 around 108 million people required help from the international humanitarian system as a result of storms, floods, droughts & wildfires, the report noted. By 2030, it is estimated that this number could increase by almost 50 per cent at a cost of around $20 billion a year
The situation is particularly acute in Small Island Developing States (SIDS) & Least Developed Countries (LDCs). Since 1970, SIDS have lost $153 billion due to weather, climate & water related hazards – a significant amount given that the average GDP for SIDS is $13.7 billion. Meanwhile, 1.4 million people (70 percent of the total deaths) in LDCs lost their lives due to weather, climate & water related hazards in that time period.
Mami Mizutori, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Disaster Risk Reduction described the report as a “timely & important contribution” to risk reduction. While she noted that 93 UN Member States have early warning strategies in place, there needed to be more cohesion & funding for nationally resourced meteorological services.
Representatives from the Adaptation Fund, Agence Francaise de Developpement, the Climate Policy Initiative, the Green Climate Fund, & the International Federation of Red Cross & Red Crescent Societies also participated in the high-level event.