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At the U.S. Food & Drug Administration, we rely on our many advisory committees to help us make sound decisions based on the best science available.

The FDA’s complex & multifaceted mission includes evaluating new medicines, including vaccines & other therapies, to determine if they are safe & effective for their intended use. FDA advisory committees give our own agency experts outside, independent, & professional advice on various complex scientific, technical, & policy issues.

Advisory committee meetings can include a broad scientific discussion about important topics, such as the development of vaccines for COVID-19. They can also be more focused on a specific product under FDA review.

Expertise, Transparency & an Outside Viewpoint

The FDA has 49 technical & scientific advisory committees & panels comprising members of the public & scientific experts.

Members are selected by their expertise to meet the needs of each specific committee’s function & topic area. Science-oriented professionals – such as physician-researchers, statisticians, engineers, medical faculty, chemists, & biologists – are represented on the committees.

In addition, each committee includes a consumer representative & an industry representative &, more often than not, an FDA Patient Representative who provides the patient or caregiver experience for a particular disease, condition, or medical device.

The FDA uses advisory committees to:

  • Get advice from experts who work outside the agency.
  • Work toward an open & transparent government.
  • Encourage patients, health care providers, & other interested people to share their views during the open public hearing or by submitting comments to the open docket.

Committees Provide Scientific, Medical Advice

The primary role of FDA advisory committees is to provide independent expert advice as we evaluate products & to help us make sound decisions based on the available science.

The committees review & evaluate data about the safety, effectiveness, & appropriate use of products that are intended for use in the prevention, treatment, mitigation, or diagnosis of human diseases & conditions – & any other products the FDA regulates. These include issues related to human & veterinary drugs, biological products, medical devices, tobacco & food. Committees also consider general policy matters & the quality & relevance of FDA’s research program, which provides scientific support for the regulation of these products.

The committees’ discussions are designed to help ensure that the public is clear about the FDA’s expectations for data to support the safety & effectiveness of products, so that the public can be confident that the required regulatory standards will be met.

This process is transparent & independent, & open to the public. Members of the public have an opportunity to address the committee & share their insight.

Advisory committees make non-binding recommendations to the FDA, which generally follows the recommendations but is not legally bound to do so. The available science & data guide the agency’s decision-making.

Under usual circumstances, committee meetings are sometimes webcasted to ensure transparent discussions & to help the public understand the FDA’s expectations for the data needed to support the agency’s determinations about the safety & effectiveness of a product. During the COVID-19 pandemic, all FDA advisory committee meetings are being held virtually with public access.

The FDA generally makes advisory committee meeting materials available to the public no later than two business days before any meeting. These materials include an agenda & background information from the FDA & other information as appropriate.

These committees are a valuable resource & make important contributions to FDA’s decision-making processes. For more information about FDA’s advisory committees & how to participate, contribute, or join, see:

  • Learn About FDA Advisory Committees
  • Guidelines for Speakers at the Open Public Hearing of an FDA Advisory Committee Meeting
  • Calendar of Public Meetings